As most of you have known, depression is the most widely noticed of all mental health problems. It is a problem with feeling/mood in which the mood is expressed as sad, gloomy, feeling down, feeling low or being blue. A depressed person experiences loss of energy, accelerated worry or thought, poor attention and concentration, disturbance in sleep and appetite patterns and a few physical manifestations.
Common causes of Depression?
Sudden and severe loss
In this situation, the person has experienced a shocking, sudden and severe loss. The loss may be loss of a job, death of a loved one, loss of a relationship or any other grief process. The patient can obviously identify the reason for the depressing mood in this type of depression.
Sudden and severe loss
When a patient is in long term high stress level, he or she is depressed but is not able to point out the reason for it. If you think of the amount of responsibility, number of hassles and pressures you have handled in the last two years, you will know the degree of stress you have been in. in fact, these factors being the cause of depression is noticed more often than the previous category. When this kind of depression sets in, the patient usually complains of feeling numb and says he or she doesn’t know what’s wrong and how they feel.
However, the good news is that no matter what the reason of depression is, one can manage or handle it effectively. Conversely, if ignored, depression can become devastating and unmanageable.
On top of this, our lifestyle and food habits make our nerves week from both structural as well as functional point of view. The safest way of coming out of such a situation is to nourish our nervous health so that it responds constructively to otherwise difficult situation in life.
Symptoms of Depression
The following are a list of symptoms of depression. If a person is known to exhibit at least five of these, he or she would be fit to be called under depression.
- Insomnia or excessive sleeping
- Low energy level
- Chronic tiredness
- Depressed mood; most of the day or every day
- Remarkable weight loss or gain
- Loss of appetite or overeating
- Noticeably diminished interest in most activities
- Loss of self-esteem and feelings of inadequacy
- Reduced attention, concentration and not able to think clearly and positively
- Consistent thought of suicide or death; an expressed desire to non-exist
In majority of cases, the above mentioned symptoms are minor and do not last long. If symptoms become severe and increase in frequency and intensity, without any delay, the patient has to seek medical help.
Is there a treatment for Depression?
Yes, treatment for depression traditionally involves two different programs: one, repairing the damage caused by months of “rubbish” and two, using anti-depressant medication. Research suggests that the best option is to combine both these methods to treat severe depression.
Treatment by medication
Doctors generally prescribe anti-depressant medication to slowly increase the happy hormone, Serotonin, in the brain. As the drug starts working, symptoms start diminishing.
Psychologists and other health professionals work with the patient to fix the damage done by the various problems and pressures. This helps the patient differentiate reality from what the brain has fed him or her over the past few months. A lot of people are of the opinion that going to a psychologist or a counsellor is all about lying on a couch and speaking about the childhood days. Well, that is absolute nonsense! Modern psychologists know well how to fix the problem and they can certainly reconstruct the confidence of a person.
In general, successful treatment for depression involves both counselling therapy and medication.
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